This consultation was open from:
December 20, 2019
to February 18, 2020
We have approved the four regulated manuals under the Crown Forest Sustainability Act. The revisions align with the draft Forest Sector Strategy and reduce burden for the forest industry while continuing to provide for the sustainability of Ontario’s Crown forests.
A decision was made on July 21, 2020 to proceed with the proposal with modifications made in response to public comments. Changes take effect with the posting of this decision notice and apply to the implementation of the 2020 Forest Management Planning Manual (FMPM), Forest Information Manual (FIM), Forest Operations and Silviculture Manual (FOSM) and Scaling Manual.
Ontario Regulation 167/95 has been amended to:
- enable more effective consultation with public, stakeholders and Indigenous communities by improving online access to forest management planning information
- increase transparency by modernizing the forest management planning process (i.e., enabling better information exchange) with the use of modern information technologies (e.g., Natural Resources Information Portal)
- enhance consultation requirements with First Nation and Métis communities on annual operations
- reference areas in the FMPM where climate change may be considered in the preparation of FMPs
- ensure consistency with legislative requirements for species at risk;
- reduce the preparation and review time for a Forest Management Plan (FMP)
- rationalize the requirements between the FMPM, FIM and FOSM
- reduce administrative burdens for the forest industry and ministry by removing the requirement for Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) review and approval of an Annual Work Schedule that is consistent with already approved forest management plans
- provide more opportunities to extend FMPs
- streamline requirements for short-term contingency plans
- provide more flexibility to bridge from one FMP to the next
- streamline the requirements for the movement of harvested unscaled Crown forest resources in the SM
- enable forest industry to plan for wood holding yards through the forest management planning process
- streamline the process for amendments to FMPs
- provide more flexibility for operational road boundaries
- improve clarity of planning direction
- remove the ten-year time limit for forestry aggregate pit
The revisions to the Forest Manuals are intended to:
- Support Ontario’s draft Forest Sector Strategy which focuses on promoting stewardship and sustainability of our forests, providing certainty for the forest sector, and creating good jobs for northern and rural communities.
- Reduce duplication and administrative burden for the forest sector while maintaining rigorous oversight and sustainable management of Ontario’s Crown forests. The proposed revisions reduce an estimated 483 burdens and will save the forest industry approximately $9 million over a ten-year period.
Amendments to the regulation under the Aggregate Resources Act (ARA) were also required to ensure alignment with the revised Forest Manuals with respect to permitting exemption requirements for forestry aggregate pits. Comments received specific to forestry aggregate pits on ER proposal posting 019-1303 were considered in the revision to the Forest Manuals.
The Forest Manuals were approved by LGIC on June 25, 2020. The effective date for the revised Forest Manuals is July 1, 2020.
The proposal to revise the Forest Manuals was implemented by an amendment to Ontario Regulation 167/95 (General). This regulation was filed by the Registrar of Regulations on June 25, 2020 and was published in the Ontario Gazette on June 26, 2020.
Revisions to Forest Manuals were available for review and comment through the Environmental Registry for a 60-day period (December 20, 2019 to February 18, 2020).
33 submissions were received through Environmental Registry or direct submission. Comments submitted on the draft Forest Sector Strategy related to the Forest Manuals were also considered (236 comments). Nine regional sessions were held with First Nation and Métis communities in January 2020 (73 comments were received and considered). Individual letters received from First Nation and Métis communities were considered and formal responses were provided.
Effects of consultation
All submissions received were reviewed and considered during the Forest Manuals revision process. The following is a summary of substantive comments, by subject area, for this proposal followed by our response to those comments.
- Forest Management Plan Preparation
Concerns were identified regarding the proposed reduction in timelines for the standard consultation process identified in the FMPM.
The forest management planning process will continue to provide five stages of consultation and the opportunity for the public, stakeholders, and First Nation and Métis communities to request issue resolution during the preparation of an FMP. First Nation and Métis communities will continue to have the opportunity to develop a customized consultation approach for the preparation and implementation of an FMP. Revisions to the FMPM provide additional flexibility to support consultation and enable the better use of modern technology (i.e., Natural Resources Information Portal) that will save time and money and improve public access to forest management planning information.
- Annual Notification of Scheduled Operations and Individual Project Plan Approvals
Comments related to the proposed changes to the Annual Work Schedule (AWS) included opposition to removing the requirement for MNRF review and approval. Also, comments were received identifying that MNRF should retain primary responsibility for consultation with First Nation and Métis communities on annual operations.
Operational information in an AWS (e.g., where access roads will be constructed, where trees will be harvested and planted) must be consistent with an approved FMP. This operational information will be exchanged with the ministry as part of an annual notification of scheduled operations. MNRF will continue to review and approve specific herbicide and prescribed burn plans, and higher risk water crossings.
Consultation with Indigenous communities on annual operations will continue to be completed by forest industry; however, the review and comment period has been enhanced from 30 days to 60 days. To ensure oversight, MNRF may require revisions to, or re-submission of, the AWS to accommodate potential impacts to asserted or established Aboriginal or treaty rights before the AWS is implemented. First Nation and Métis communities will also have the opportunity to review revisions to the AWS during its implementation.
The public and other stakeholders will continue to have the opportunity to view the AWS prior to operations starting online through the Natural Resource Information Portal, and through in-person appointments.
To maintain oversight, we will continue to ensure forest operations are conducted in accordance with the approved FMP and AWS through the compliance monitoring and independent forest audit programs.
- Capitalize on Modern Information Technology Capabilities & Removal of the Opportunity to Request Individual Environmental Assessments (IEAs)
We received mixed support for enabling the use of modern technology when conducting consultation activities. Some commenters identified lack of capacity to access internet while others viewed this as an opportunity for better communication and access to forest-related information. We also received comments critical of the removal of the opportunity to request IEAs.
Opportunities for the public, stakeholders, and First Nation and Métis communities to participate will continue to be provided in the preparation and implementation of an FMP. The use of modern technology (i.e. social media, email, digital signatures) will help better inform and consult the public, stakeholders and First Nation and Métis communities on forest management planning initiatives. Information technology will reduce burden, create efficiencies, and increase transparency to better meet legal obligations. There will continue to be the opportunity for First Nation and Métis communities to develop a customized consultation approach (which could address information availability, timing for meetings, etc.) and discuss information at the offices of the sustainable forest licensee or the MNRF. The standard consultation process, including information forums, will also be available if a customized consultation approach is not agreed upon. The FMPM will continue to require information forums at specific times during the preparation of an FMP. Use of modern technology will in part help notify the public of information forums. Direct mailouts will also continue to be required.
The removal of the opportunity to request an IEA is in response to the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks’ decision to allow forestry activities to continue solely under the Crown Forest Sustainability Act without duplication under the Environmental Assessment Act (EAA). The requirements of the EAA have been incorporated into the MNRFs forestry policies, manuals, programs and procedures. We will continue to use the issue resolution process in the FMPM during the forest management planning process to resolve issues that arise.
- Mechanisms to Maximize FMP Investment and Better Attain FMP Objectives
Supportive comments were received regarding the addition of further mechanisms to maximize investment in FMPs and to better attain FMP objectives. These mechanisms included additional flexibility for FMP extensions, Contingency Plans, and bridging operations.
- Extending Time frame for Forestry Aggregate Pits
We received one comment stating opposition to the removal of the 10-year time limit on forestry aggregate pits. In addition, separate comments received specific to the Aggregate Resources Act ERO proposal posting 019-1303, was mixed with some opposed to the removal of the 10-year time limit on forestry aggregate pits.
We believe the proposed changes may result in fewer aggregate pits on the landscape. The proposed changes will continue to require criteria and operating standards for forestry aggregate pits in the FMPM (e.g., size limits, progressive rehabilitation, public safety and values protection). Also, in response to comments related to removal of the 10-year time limit operating standards for forestry aggregate pits the FMPM will continue to require final rehabilitation measures either when the pit is completed or has not been active for a period of five years and the sustainable forest licensee confirms that future use of the pit is not required. Aggregate extraction areas and road corridors will continue to be consulted on during the preparation of an FMP.
To implement the proposal to remove the 10-year time limit for forestry aggregate pits, we have amended Regulation 244/97 under the Aggregate Resources Act. The regulation was filed on June 25, 2020 and comes into effect July 1, 2020.
- Wood Holding Yards
Most of the comments were supportive of the proposal to streamline the wood holding yard process by administering it through the FMP process. One comment expressed the opinion that planning for wood holding yards through FMPs has the potential to permanently remove Crown land from public use.
Wood holding yards will be approved with conditions to mitigate effects on values and ensure public safety. Enabling forest industry to plan for wood holding yards through the forest management planning process rather than obtaining separate permits through the Public Lands Act will reduce burden and operating costs for forest industry. Wood holding yards are temporary storage areas that are only in place during the forest operations in a given area. Wood storage yards will not inhibit public access within the management unit.
- Streamline Forest Management Plan Amendment Process
There was only one comment received that was directed at the proposed changes for the amendment process. The individual believed that streamlining the planning process will result in poor planning effort resulting in more amendments.
Streamlining the process for amending an FMP will ensure a more consistent approach for MNRF when processing amendments and reduce uncertainty and time delays for the forest industry. The local citizen’s committee will continue to be involved in the categorization of amendments, and consultation will continue to be based on the category of the amendment. We believe that this will provide a more robust approach to the amendment process.
- Climate Change Considerations
Response to the proposed revisions to reference how climate change may be addressed was mixed. Some were supportive while others believed there should be more consideration of climate changes’ effects on the sustainability of Ontario’s Crown forests.
FMPs are prepared using approved forest management guides which help conserve biodiversity at the landscape and stand and site scales, thereby ensuring long-term forest health (i.e., sustainability). The Landscape Guide provides measures to ensure the conservation of natural landscape patterns, forest structure and composition, including old growth stands. Application of these guides assist with ensuring resilient forests that can adapt to a changing climate. The proposed changes to the FMPM also include considerations about how climate change can be addressed through the implementation of a FMP (e.g., allow for consideration for planning teams to invite individuals with experience in climate change to be plan advisors).
- Species at Risk
Comments received identified concerns about how species at risk (SAR) will be considered in forest management planning.
FMPs are prepared using approved forest management guides which help conserve biodiversity at the landscape and stand and site scales, thereby ensuring long-term forest health (i.e., sustainability). FMPs will continue to protect SAR, including caribou, through the application of these guides. The FMPM also includes provisions for when new SAR are identified or when existing SAR are encountered during forest operations.
- Streamline Authority to Haul Approvals
We received supportive comments for the changes to the requirements to streamline the requirements for the movement of harvested unscaled Crown forest resources to approved measuring locations, by removing the requirement for an Authority to Haul unscaled Crown forest resources.
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Ontario’s forest industry generates over $16 billion in revenue and supports approximately 155,000 direct and indirect jobs in communities across the province. Our wood and wood products are globally recognized as coming from forests that are responsibly and sustainably managed. We are also recognized as innovators and leaders in the global industry. And yet Ontario’s forest sector has not been able to reach its full potential.
On December 4, 2019, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry released a draft Forest Sector Strategy that aims to stimulate job creation, promote economic growth, and reduce unnecessary burden and costs for businesses, all while ensuring Ontario’s forests continue to be managed sustainably.
The plan to create a provincial strategy for the forest sector was announced in September 2018. Since that time, the ministry has heard from Indigenous partners, industry and municipal leaders through seven roundtables across the province. Input was also received from the public through survey and email submissions.
Based on feedback, four main areas of focus were identified to shape the draft strategy: promoting stewardship and sustainability; putting more wood to work; improving our cost competitiveness; fostering innovation, markets and talent.
We are proposing to revise the Forest Management Planning Manual (FMPM), Forest Information Manual (FIM), Forest Operations and Silviculture Manual (FOSM) and Scaling Manual (SM). The changes would modernize and streamline requirements, and reduce workload, time and costs in the preparation and implementation of Forest Management Plans.
Some of the proposed revisions to the Forest Manuals are subject to changes proposed for the application of the Environmental Assessment Act to forest management in Ontario. Links to proposals under the Environmental Assessment Act is provided below.
The Manuals are regulated under section 68 of the Crown Forest Sustainability Act and provide direction for the preparation and implementation of forest management plans. For the Forest Manuals to take effect, Sections 26.1, 26.2, 27, and 28 of Ontario Regulation 167/95 under the CFSA would have to be amended.
Proposed Revisions to the Forest Manuals
Forest Management Plan Preparation
We propose to update forest management planning requirements to further enable better use of modern technology (e.g. internet) that would save time and money and improve public access to forest management planning information. These enhancements would enable a more streamlined process for public and government review of Forest Management Plans by, for instance, allowing the public and stakeholders to review and provide comments on the preparation of Forest Management Plans online, reducing the need for in-person information centres in the future. We are also proposing to reduce duplication of requirements related to consultation opportunities for the public, stakeholders, and First Nation and Métis communities. The forest management planning process will continue to provide consultation opportunities and the opportunity for the public, stakeholders, and First Nation and Métis communities to request issue resolution during the preparation of a Forest Management Plan (FMP). Subject to changes being made to the manner in which the Environmental Assessment Act applies to forest management in Crown forests, the Forest Management Planning Manual would be amended to remove the process for requesting an individual environmental assessment on specific planned forest operations in an approved Forest Management Plan.
Annual Notification of Scheduled Operations and Individual Project Plan Approvals
We propose to streamline requirements for submission of Annual Work Schedules, reducing burden while relying more on modern technology. Operational information will be consistent with an approved Forest Management Plan and be exchanged between forest resource licensees and the Ministry as part of an annual process to provide notification of scheduled operations. The public and other stakeholders will continue to have the opportunity to view the Annual Work Schedule prior to operations commencing. Consultation with First Nation and Métis communities on annual operations will continue to be required, and the Ministry would be able to require revisions to an Annual Work Schedule to accommodate impacts to asserted or established Aboriginal or treaty rights, before the work schedule is implemented, or during its implementation.
We would continue to require separate approvals, consultation and notification for aerial herbicide plans, prescribed burn plans, and water crossings that require a federal Fisheries Act review (i.e., higher risk water crossings).
The proposed changes to requirements for annual operations align with sections 17 and 42 of the Crown Forest Sustainability Act enacted in Bill 132, Better for People, Smarter for Business Act , and are subject to changes to the manner in which the Environmental Assessment Act applies to forest management in Crown forests.
Rationalize Need for Forest Management Plan, Annual Work Schedule, and Annual Report Tables
We propose to move FMPM table requirements into the FIM Technical Specifications to provide better responsiveness to changing information requirements and technological capabilities. Requirements for forest management planning would not be reduced; rather, MNRF would be rationalizing the need to collect specific information based on business criteria (e.g., focus on providing support for MNRF and public review of the preparation and implementation of forest management plans) and determining the best way to collect and exchange this information.
Capitalize on Modern Information Technology Capabilities
Opportunities for the public, stakeholders, and First Nation and Métis communities to participate would continue to be provided in the preparation of a Forest Management Plan. We propose to revise the Forest Management Planning Manual and the Forest Information Manual to enable better use of modern technology (i.e., social media, email, digital signatures) to inform and consult the public, stakeholders and First Nation and Métis communities on forest management planning initiatives. We propose to remove the requirement to post Information Notices on the Environmental Registry at each consultation stage while continuing to comply with the Environmental Bill of Rights. We propose to utilize modern information technology to reduce burden, create efficiencies, and increase transparency to better meet legal obligations (e.g., Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act).
Identify Further Mechanisms to Extend Forest Management Plans
We propose to change the requirements for Forest Management Plan extensions and provide further opportunities to extend a Forest Management Plan where forest operations approved under the current Plan have not yet been implemented. The Forest Management Planning Manual would specify requirements (e.g., consultation) related to the various approaches to extend an approved Forest Management Plan. Various approaches to extend an approved Forest Management Plan include enabling extensions longer than two years, providing the ability to extend Contingency Plans, and providing additional extensions to a plan to allow additional time for operations already approved under the plan to be implemented.
Reduce Requirements for Shorter-term Contingency Plans
We propose to change the requirements for Contingency Plans prepared due to a delay in the approval of a Forest Management Plan. We propose to remove the requirement to prepare a Contingency Plan Proposal as a pre-condition for the preparation of a shorter-term Contingency Plan. These shorter-term Contingency Plans would be based on the selection of non-contentious areas already consulted on through the preparation of the new Forest Management Plan or areas already approved in the existing Forest Management Plan. These shorter-term Contingency Plans would be requested and prepared by the plan author and approved by the Regional Director.
Enable more flexibility with Bridging Operations
We propose to enable more flexibility to carry over harvest areas from an already approved Forest Management Plan to a new Forest Management Plan. This will provide forest industry the opportunity to complete already approved harvest operations over a longer time period to better maximize their planning investment. These bridging areas and operations would be identified in the new Forest Management Plan and associated Annual Work Schedule and would be reported on through the Annual Reports with reference to the applicable long-term management direction. Changes to bridging operations would also allow forest operations to be completed to better achieve forest level objectives and provide for sustainability.
Extending Timeframe for Forestry Aggregate Pits
We propose to remove the 10-year time limit for forestry aggregate pits. This change would remove unnecessary administrative processes but still comply with the criteria and operating standards in the Forest Management Planning Manual related to aggregate pits. This change would also enable better alignment with Dynamic Caribou Habitat Schedules (e.g. 20-year harvest areas) and forestry practices in the Great Lakes St. Lawrence forest region.
Wood Holding Yards
We propose to enable forest industry to plan for wood holding yards through the forest management planning process rather than obtaining separate permits through the Public Lands Act; therefore, reducing burden and operating costs for forest industry.
Streamline Forest Management Plan Amendment Process
We propose to further streamline the process to amend Forest Management Plans, for instance by clarifying which types of requested amendments will be categorized as administrative, with the assistance of the Local Citizens’ Committee. This would provide a more consistent approach for MNRF when processing amendments and reduce uncertainty and time delays for forest industry.
Review Requirements for Operational Road Boundaries
We propose to modify the current definition of “operational road boundary” to provide operational flexibility and enable efficiencies for forest industry in the preparation and implementation (e.g., plan amendments) of Forest Management Plans.
Climate Change Considerations
We propose to revise the Forest Management Planning Manual to reference how climate change may be addressed through the current requirements to prepare and implement a Forest Management Plan.
Species at Risk
We propose to revise the Forest Manuals to be consistent with legislative requirements for species at risk, specifically Bill 108 More Homes, More Choice Act. To ensure consistency with the Endangered Species Act we will be removing the requirements that would have applied to a Forest Management Plan if it was proposed to be a Section 18 overall benefit instrument under the Endangered Species Act.
Streamline Authority to Haul Approvals
We propose to streamline the requirements for the movement of harvested unscaled Crown forest resources to approved measuring locations, reducing burden and operating costs for forest industry, by removing the requirement for an Authority to Haul unscaled Crown forest resources.
Improve Clarity of Planning Direction
We propose to rationalize overlapping direction and remove duplication of requirements in the Forest Manuals to provide clear direction for implementation, and that the direction is included in the appropriate policy document. We propose to remove the requirement for forest resource licensees and MNRF to complete a Mid-Plan Check late in year four of the implementation of a Forest Management Plan. The purpose of the Mid-Plan Check was to undertake an assessment of information, changes to landbase (e.g., major disturbances) or changes to policy since the approval of the FMP and determine if an amendment is necessary. This requirement is duplicative of the current opportunity to amend a Forest Management Plan. A Forest Management Plan amendment can be requested or required by the Regional Director at any time during its implementation to address changes to policy or information or major disturbances.
Some of the proposed revisions to the Forest Manuals are being enabled through amendments to the CFSA in Bill 132, Better for People, Smarter for Business Act.
Some of the proposed revisions to the Forest Manuals are subject to changes to the application of the Environmental Assessment Act for forest management on Crown lands in Ontario and could only be made if those changes are approved.
Links to proposals under the Environmental Assessment Act are provided below.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry/Fisheries and Oceans Canada Protocol for the Review and Approval of Forestry Water Crossings will also be revised to be consistent with the revisions to the Forest Manuals.
Public consultation opportunities
MNRF will provide opportunities for stakeholder groups to discuss the revisions to the manuals during the comment period. MNRF will also consult with First Nation and Metis communities during the comment period.
If you have questions regarding the revision process, please email ManualsRevisionProject@ontario.ca.
Regulatory impact statement
The anticipated environmental consequences of the proposal are positive. The purpose of the Crown Forest Sustainability Act is to provide for the sustainability of Crown forests and, in accordance with that objective, to manage Crown forests to meet social, economic and environmental needs of present and future generations. MNRF’s stewardship of Ontario’s Crown forests, including fish and wildlife habitat, and protection for species at risk considerations will be maintained or enhanced with the implementation of the revisions to the Forest Manuals.
The anticipated social consequences of the proposal are positive. The revised direction in the Forest Manuals will provide for positive social impacts by: providing effective and meaningful approaches to public consultation and First Nation and Metis involvement; maintaining an efficient forest management program that supports the viability of Ontario’s forest sector, which in turn translates to healthy communities and socio-economic wellness; and, enabling direction that protects cultural heritage values and resource-based tourism values in Crown forests.
The anticipated economic consequences of the proposal are positive. The planning efficiencies will help promote greater productivity and resource efficiency in the development of Forest Management Plans. The revised Forest Manuals will also enable streamlining, provide clarity regarding the process for practitioners, stakeholders and the public, and make the planning process more user friendly to the forest industry, the public and First Nation and Métis communities. No new administrative costs are anticipated as a result of this proposal.
View materials in person
Some supporting materials may not be available online. If this is the case, you can request to view the materials in person.
Get in touch with the office listed below to find out if materials are available.